aliphatic hydrocarbons

Organic hydrocarbon compounds in which the carbon atoms are joined in open chains, as opposed to ring structures of aromatic and naphthenic compounds. Examples: ethane, propane, butane. Many are building blocks for petrochemicals.

Petroleum refining glossary. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • aliphatic —    One of the main groups of hydrocarbons characterized by the straight or branched chain arrangement of constituent atoms. Aliphatic hydrocarbons belong to one of three subgroups: (1) alkanes or paraf fins, all of which are saturated and… …   Forensic science glossary

  • Aliphatic — Al i*phat ic, a. [Gr. ?, ?, oil, fat.] (Org. Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, fat; fatty; applied to compounds having an open chain structure. The aliphatic compounds thus include not only the fatty acids and other derivatives of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Aliphatic compound — In organic chemistry, compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds, which contain benzene rings or similar rings of atoms, and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar , fat, oil), which do not contain… …   Wikipedia

  • aliphatic — Denoting the acyclic carbon compounds, most of which belong to the fatty acid series. [G. aleiphar (aleiphat ), fat, oil] a. acids the acids of nonaromatic hydrocarbons ( e.g., acetic, propionic, butyric acid s); the so called fatty acid s of the …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrocarbon — hydrocarbonaceous, adj. /huy dreuh kahr beuhn, huy dreuh kahr /, n. any of a class of compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as an alkane, methane, CH4, an alkene, ethylene, C2H4, an alkyne, acetylene, C2H2, or an aromatic compound,… …   Universalium

  • occupational disease — 1. Also called industrial disease. a disease caused by the conditions or hazards of a particular occupation. 2. a trait or tendency that develops among members of a particular profession: Cynicism was thought to be an occupational disease of… …   Universalium

  • Organic chemistry — Structure of the methane molecule: the simplest hydrocarbon compound. Organic chemistry is a subdiscipline within chemistry involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and preparation (by synthesis or by… …   Wikipedia

  • Benzene — For other uses, see Benzene (disambiguation). See also: Benzole Benzene …   Wikipedia

  • Naphtha — Not to be confused with naphthalene, a solid benzene derivative which is the main ingredient in mothballs. Naphtha (  /ˈn …   Wikipedia

  • Chemical reaction — Chemical reactions redirects here. For the 2007 television episode, see Chemical Reactions (Men in Trees). A thermite reaction using iron(III) oxide. The sparks …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.